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Data Import from VOIs

An important usage of the VOI analysis is the generation of time-activity curves (TAC) for subsequent kinetic modeling. This can easily be achieved in PVIEW by the following steps

1. Definition of the VOIs

The image data is loaded as a dynamic series with the correct acquisition times and the correct input units. This is important, because otherwise the acquisition start/end times in kinetic modeling will be wrong, and the TACs may be different in magnitude with respect to the blood data. Such problems result in erroneous model parameters.

In dynamic image series there is generally not enough anatomical information to delineate VOIs. Often, averaging of a subset of the acquisition frames resolves the problem. The VOIs are then delineated in the summed images, transferred to the dynamic images, and optionally saved to a file.

2. TAC generation

Switch the tool to the dynamic study, and activate the button

A dialog window appears which is organized in three panels:

  1. The left area allows defining the proper type (TISSUE, WHOLE BLOOD) of the calculated TACs and selecting the regions to be sent to the Kinetic modeling tool.
  2. The central area shows the TACs.
  3. The right area controls the displayed TACs. Additionally, the +- buttons allow for simple arithmetics operations with the curve values before transfer to PKIN.

The Send buttons initiate the transfer of the activity curve data to the PKIN tool. Selecting Send[SET] transfers the TACs to the currently selected tab in an open PKIN tool. With the Append TAC Data box checked, the curves are appended as new regions to the existing data, otherwise the current data is over-written. Send[ADD] first creates a new tab in PKIN, to which the data is added. If PKIN is not running, the tool is first started and the data added.

Both the average value and the standard deviation within the VOIs are transferred, as well as patient and study related information. The standard deviation may be used for weighted fits in PKIN.

If the PKIN option is not available, the TACs of a dynamic series can also by obtained with the regular statistics button , resulting in the dialog window illustrated below.

The In range box allows restricting the TACs statistics to the subset of pixels with values in a specific range.

Note the radio box in the upper section which allows switching between kBq/cc and the SUV, if all required information is available. The Statistic type selection list allows choosing the type of statistics to be displayed in the graphic area.

The statistics numbers selected in the Selected Statistic(s) [For Save] area of the VOIs selected in Selected VOI(s) [For Save] can be saved into a text file with Save, appended to an existing one using Append, copied to the Clipboard or sent directly to PMOD R interface with the Go to R button. The statistic results can be saved as a Dicom structured report with the Save Dicom SR option or exported as a structured report with the Export Dicom SR.

There are different statistic formats available for saving procedure: