The sequential steps for converting blood measurements to an input curve are explained in a dedicated section. The current plasma fraction model serves for converting a whole-blood activity curve into a plasma-activity curve.

It is assumed that a curve representing the measured fractions of plasma/whole-blood activity has been loaded with **Load Plasma/WB Fraction**.

Operational Model Curve

The **Sigmoid **model allows replacing the tail of the fraction curve by an analytical function. The **Begin **parameter defines at what time the models switches from linear interpolation to the Hill function.

The illustration below shows an example with the Hill function fitted following 2 minutes (**Begin** = 120sec). The the weighting has been changed for putting more emphasis on the tail. Note that the linear interpolation assumes a fraction of 1 at t=0.

Parameter Fitting

The model supports the fitting of the parameters **Begin**, **scale**, **A**, **B**, **C.** Fitting is started with the **Fit plasma fraction** button, which only takes the samples after the **Begin **time into consideration.

Use without Measured Fraction

If no measured plasma/whole-blood fraction data is available, the **Sigmoid **model can still be applied. In this case the **Begin **time is disregarded, and the functional defined by the entered parameters applied.

References

1. Owen DR, Guo Q, Kalk NJ, Colasanti A, Kalogiannopoulou D, Dimber R, Lewis YL, Libri V, Barletta J, Ramada-Magalhaes J, Kamalakaran A, Nutt DJ, Passchier J, Matthews PM, Gunn RN, Rabiner EA. Determination of [(11)C]PBR28 binding potential in vivo: a first human TSPO blocking study. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2014;34(6):989-94. DOI